Breeds vary behaviorally: in sociability, calmness, trainability, and boldness

A Cavalier King Charles Spaniel named Caramel [1]


  1. About.” Michele Anthony, MSW, LCSW, Accessed 15 Aug. 2023.
  2. Turcsán, Borbála, Enikő Kubinyi, and Ádám Miklósi. “Trainability and boldness traits differ between dog breed clusters based on conventional breed categories and genetic relatedness.” Applied Animal Behaviour Science 132.1 (2011): 61-70. Appendix A. Supplementary data.

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